Our colleagues at the salons are happy to help you with any questions regarding laundering or dry cleaning. However, we would like to give you some professional advice online, so we collected some of the most common stains and the most effective ways to get rid of them. Although, these are all reliable methods before you start please get proper information and make sure you can deliver the cleaning accordingly since you can cause unexpected harm if you do it otherwise. Unfortunately, we cannot take responsibility for the clothes you tried to clean at home, because the mechanical and chemical changes inside the textiles are invisible, it can only be seen with a microscope.
Types of stains
Protein-based stains: blood, protein, milk, egg
These are stubborn stains, mostly dark-colored. If you scratch them with your nails, they often lighten. If they are fresh, they can be dissolved in base with washing powder. Washing them in high temperature (45°C) and acids will damage the stains and make them unremovable.
Tannin based stains: fruits, vegetables, coffee, tea, coke, wine, sauces, tobacco, chocolate, beer
These stains are hard to remove since they have a very complex structure. They always have some kind of natural acid inside them which connects with natural filaments like wool or silk. This is why the stain seeps into the fiber, and under the effect of high temperature and improperly chosen acids, the stains will change color (e.g.: fruit stain will become dark blue or purple). It is extremely hard to get rid of them, please ask our colleagues for help.
Sugar-based stains: fructose, cane sugar, and carrot sugar
It is fairly easy to treat them since they stay on the surface of the materials. They dissolve in a mildly alkaline or neutral environment. Be careful, it might change its color on high temperature (50 °C) because it contains sugar, and it can easily melt. It connects with the protein-based fibers like wool and silk, therefore they become unremovable.
Starch-based stains: rice, corn, potato
Usually, they do not cause any problem, they are easily removable with washing.
Dye-based stains: tint, ball-point pen, lacquers
They are very hard to remove, they require chemical cleaning. It is also not easy to recognize if the stain is rather pigment or dye. The two types require fairly different removal method, please ask our colleagues for help.
How to recognize the different types of stains
Spray water on the stains, it makes it easier to recognize them. The water molecules in the fabric try to connect with the new water molecules, which makes the stain look darker. Stains what contain fat does not attract water, they have sharp contour and shiny. Stains what contain oil will “run away” from water.
How to treat stains
It is important that we remove the stains in a clean place, preferably above the sink to prevent the chemicals to destroy the other parts of the clothes. Always do a color test if we clean materials containing more than one color (black-white): get a white cloth, and scrub the inside of the material with it where the color is more intensive. If it changes color it will do it so when we wash them, so ask for professional help. Be careful what kind of materials are we washing together: the heavy pieces will get heavier in water, and can easily damage the smaller pieces. We suggest you to sort the clothes and wash together with the same colors and materials.
Asphalt, tar and engine-oil stains
Apply cooking oil on them, then clean with alcohol.
Dust removal from velvet
Dip a brush in salty water to remove dust.
Put the yellowed clothes into curd for a few hours, then wash them the usual way. Most of the time they will turn white again, but put a few lemon slices to the drum of the washing machine to be extra sure.
Easily removable with cotton dipped in glycerin. After rinsing the clothes with warm water.
Dye stain removal
Scrub the fresh oil stain with turpentine, then wash it with soapy water.
Spray lemon juice and put salt on the stain. Scrub it, then clean it in warm soapy water.
Marker and ball-point pen stains
Let the stains dry, then clean it strong alcohol or turpentine. After it soaked in, wash it the usual way.
Soak the synthetic curtains in salty cold water for 15 minutes, then wash it at 30°C with the delicate cycle. Use detergent and baking soda or washing soda for cleaning. If we have white curtains, put lemon slices to the drum.
Scrub them with alcohol, then wash them with soapy water.
Put a little bit of glycerin in the last rinsing water.
Spray lemon juice on them immediately or soak them in milk. In the case of silk or wool, please ask our colleagues for help.
For cotton and combined textiles (cotton-viscose) use vinegar. For silk and wool, please ask our colleagues for help.
Soak the textiles in hot milk, this will dissolve the cocoa, then wash it with detergent.
Soak the textiles in cold milk, then wash it with detergent. For the clothes made of delicate fabrics (wool, silk), put a mixture of egg yolk and a little bit of water, then a few minutes later wash it with warm water.
Washing and drying of knitted clothes
To keep their shape, do not hang them, but dry them laid on towels.
Raspberry and red-currant stains
Spray lemon water on them immediately, then wash them in warm soapy water.
Over-foaming of the washing machine
This is not common nowadays with modern machines, but if it happens, sprinkle salt on the foam.
Sprinkle lemon juice on the stain, then wash it with warm soapy water.
Apply glycerin on them, then wash it and apply alcohol on the stain.
Flies and zippers
Zip everything before washing to make the zippers last longer. If you cannot move them, put some soap on them.
Red wine stains on carpet
Spray sparkling water on the stain immediately. Put salt on the darker stains and soak up with a cloth.
Wash them with cold water immediately to prevent the stain from drying in. If it has already happened, please ask our colleagues for help.
Red wine stains
Put plenty of salt on the stains immediately and spray mineral water on them, then soak it up. Sprinkle lemon juice on the stains, then wash it the usual way with detergent. For white textiles, you might use bleach.
Fat and oil stains
Sprinkle potato starch on the stains immediately, let it dry for a few hours, then brush it out. For older stains please ask our colleagues for help.
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